Cannabis The surprise Healing Drug – from a South african Perspective
Cannabis is the greek word for “hemp”, from which the word “canvas” is derived, after the plants fibrousness. A genus containing a single species of high indecent annual, found in most watery soils, especially as a weed of nitrogen-rich soils near human habitation.
In Victorian farming manuals it is listed as an elegant “dot-plant” for summer borders. The Scythians, who lived north of the Black Sea 3000 years ago, produced intoxicating vapours by throwing cannabis on to hot stones. Cannabis has been grown in Asia and the middle East for higher than 4000 years, both as a fibre plant and as a drug. Therapeutic uses were described in Indian medical texts in the past the 5th century BC. Today its possession and use are illegal, or subject to strict controls, in most Western countries and Australia and other Zealand, but legitimate and socially plenty in many parts of Asia and the center East, where the dried reforest or resin is is commonly smoked or eaten. The various common names for cannabis deliver to specific preparations: haseesh – resin from the female plant, usually smoked in water pipes; bhang – dried plant tainted into water, fruits or candy; charas – resin smoked or eaten afterward spices; ganja – dried tops of the female plant.
European herbals of the 16th century tote up the plant, which John Gerard called “Indian dreamer”. medical cannabis was listed in the pharmacopoeias of many countries, including the USA, until its restriction in 1930. It contains more than 60 kinds of cannabinoids, including delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is largely blamed for the psychoactive effects. advocate research confirms that cannabis is involved for a large range of medical treatments, its illegal status has suppressed therapeutic use i the West. Cannabis is yet largely used in standard chinese medicine.
Cultivation, harvesting, and processing of cannabis plants are subject to legal restrictions in many countries. endorsed varieties many be cultivated for its fibre (hemp). cannabis sativa is a strong-smelling, regulating annual taking into account long taproot, erect branched stems and palmate leaves. Panicles of little green flowers appear in summer, male and female on sever plants.
Parts used: mass plant, oil flowering tops and seeds
Properties: Subsp. indica has analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, and general anesthetic properties; it is moreover a laxative and hypotensive.
Medicinal uses: Internally for nausea and vomiting allied in the same way as cancer chemotherapy, to reduce ocular pressure in glaucoma, ease muscular stiffness and tremors in fused sclerosis, and back AIDS patients get weight (subsp. indica). Externally for corns, sores, and varicose ulcers. Seeds (huo ma ren) used in customary Chinese medicine to treat constipation caused by debility or shapeless deficiency.
Culinary uses: Seeds are ingredient in combination food cuisine and beers, and used as a condiment in Japanese food, notably in the spice blend shichimi. Seed oil is used for culinary purposes. dried herb is an ingredient of Moroccan candy (majoun) and is important as a flavoring in Ital (rastafarian) cooking.
Economic uses: Source of fibres for rope making. Oil pressed from seeds is extra to cosmetics.